Course

我們以突破知識學習的藩籬為目標,
將臺灣大學所在的臺北都會區作為生活實驗室
思考都市未來將面臨的發展問題並探索解決方法。

課程名稱

災難與社會

授課老師

范 雲老師

課程概述

災難已經成了全球重要主題。社會學如何看到災難?災難是自然的嗎?即使是自然的災難,又如何影響每一個不同的社會?將災難視為特殊的社會情境,透過這個極端社會情境的切片,社會關係的紋理以及層層的不平等,將被為清晰地檢視。這個社會不同的群體如何看待災難以及其風險?他們在災難來臨時的脆弱性又有何不同?災難過後,社群、在地組織,以及政府等政策,又是如何形塑其災後復原與重建的道路?災難過後,人們如何記憶以及紀念這些曾經發生過的集體傷痛? 

在這個學期的課程中,我將帶領同學從既有的社會學相關作品中,汲取重要概念與經驗,回頭分析我們所身處的台灣社會。

課程目標

1. (2/20) 課程簡介

作業一:請閱讀災難相關新聞數則,從中整理你所看到的重要議題一到兩個。並運用你的社會學想像力,討論該議題的幾個可能面向。(字數1500為限,請註明字數,本週五下班前請上網繳交)

2. (2/27) 

228國定假日連假。 

3. (3/6)什麼是災難? 

[紀錄片放映:山裡的微光] 
2006, Chap.1, What is a Disaster, p.1-15, in Handbook of Disaster Research, Springer.2006, Finding and Framing Katrina: the Social Construction of Disaster. Understanding Katrina: Perspective from the Social Sciences. SSRC webpage. 

4.(3/13) 災難研究經典閱讀

Erikson, Kai. 1976. Everything in Its Path: Destruction of Community in the Buffalo Creek Flood. New York: Simon and Schuster. 閱讀 Introdcution, Part 1 & 2

參考閱讀

2010, Chap.7, Principles ignored and lessons unlearned: A Disaster Studies perspective on the tsunami experience in Sri Lanka, p.143-162, Tsunami Recovery in Sri Lanka: Ethnic and Regional Dimensions, Routledge. 

5.(3/20) 災難研究案例閱讀之二

Erikson, Kai. 1976. Everything in Its Path: Destruction of Community in the Buffalo Creek Flood. New York: Simon and Schuster. 閱讀 Part Three & Conclusion 

參考閱讀

2012, Thousand-Year Event: Towards Reconstructing Communities, p.255-276, Natural Disaster and Nuclear Crisis in Japan: Response and Recovery after Japan’s 3/11, Routledge

6. (3/27) 不同的脆弱性:族群、階級與性別

Eric Klinenberg, 2002, Chapter 2. “Race, Place, and Vulnerability” in Heat Wave. Heat Wave: A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago. University of Chicago Press. 
2009, Sex, Gender and Gender Relations in Disasters, p.5-17, Women, Gender and Disaster: Global Issues and Initiatives. Sage. 
張宜君、林宗弘(2012),〈不平等的災難:九二一大地震下的階級、族群與受災風險〉。《人文與社會研究集刊》24(2):193-231。

參考閱讀

Jones-DeWeever and Hartmann, 2006, Abandoned Before the Storms: The Glaring Disaster of Gender, Race, and Class Disparities in the Gulf, There is No Such Thing As A Natural Disaster. Routledge 

7. (4/3) 

因兒童節及民族掃墓節為同一日,補放假。

8. (4/10) 災難的文化詮釋

Schmuck, Hanna 2000 "An Act of Allah": Religious Explanations for Floods in Bangladesh as Survival Strategy. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 18(1):85-96. 
2008 Chap.8 “Hero, Eulogist, Trickster, and Critic: Ritual and Crisis in Post-Katrina Mardi Gras” p.107-127 in Seeking Higher Ground. Palgrave Macmillan. 

蔣斌 2010 災難、文化與主體性:莫拉克風災後的省思。思想第14期。聯經出版社。 

9. (4/17) 風險:科學與想像 

周桂田(2005),〈知識、科學與不確定性—專家與科技系統的「無知」如何建構風險〉,《政治與社會哲學評論》,第13期,頁131-180。
林宗弘與張宜君(2013)。〈天災也是人禍—社會科學領域的災難研究〉。范玫芳等編,《風和日麗的背後:水、科技、災難》,新竹:交大出版社。

Douglas, Mary & Wildavsky, Aaron B. 1982 Risk and Culture: An Essay on the Selection of Technical and Environmental Dangers. Berkeley: University of California Press. p.1-15 

10. (4/24) 重建之一:土地、空間與住宅 

2008, Chap. 1 “The Concepts of Place and Landscape” in Hurricane Katrina and the Redefinition of Landscape. Lexingtone Books.Levine, Cheryl A, 2008 Rethinking Post-Disaster Housing: What Have We Learned Since Katrina? Anthropology News 49(9):12-14. 
Chap.12, Progressive Housing: Reconstruction after the 2001 Earthquake in El Salvador, p.285-305, Delivering People-centered Housing Reconstruction at Scale. Practical Action Publishing.台邦.撒沙勒(2012),〈災難、遷村與社會脆弱性:古茶波安的例子〉。《臺灣人類學刊》,10(1): 51-92。 

參考閱讀

Oliver-Smith, Anthony, 2006  Disasters and Forced Migration in the 21st Century. Understanding Katrina: Perspective from the Social Sciences. SSRC webpage 

11. (5/1) 重建之二:經濟 

2006, An Old Economy for the “New” New Orleans? Post-Hurricane Katrina Economic Development Efforts”, in There is No Such Thing As A Natural Disaster. Routledge 
2008, Chap.2, Deconstructing the Disaster after the Disaster: Conceptualizing Disaster Capitalism, p.17-28, Capitalizing on Catastrophe: Neo-biberal Strategies in Disaster Reconstruction, Altamira Press2008, Chap.4, International Tourism and Disaster Capitalism: The Case of Hurricane Mitch in Honduras, p.47-68, Capitalizing on Catastrophe: Neo-biberal Strategies in Disaster Reconstruction, Altamira Press 

12. (5/8) 期末報告主題討論 

13. (5/15) 重建之三:回到人本身 

1999 The Brotherhood of Pain: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives on Post-disaster Solidarity. In The Angry Earth: Disaster in Anthropological Perspective. Edited by Anthony Oliver-Smith & Susanna Hoffman, pp. 156-172. New York: Routledge. 
陳建甫 2003 〈震災經驗、重建行動與社群認同---以南投九二一重建區不同世代原住民為例. 〉《臺灣鄉村研究》 1: 43-71.孫大川 2010   〈找回族人的節奏、能量與主體性:專訪原民會主委孫大川〉。《人類學視界》第4期。 

14. (5/22) 在地組織 

2006,”The Role of Local Organizing”, in There is No Such Thing As A Natural Disaster. Routledge 
Wilder, Andrew, and Tim Morris, 2008 'Locals within locals': Cultural sensitivity in disaster aid. Anthropology Today 24(3):1-3. 
2012, “From Kobe to Tohoku: The Potential and the Peril of a Volunteer Infrastructure, “ p.54-77, p.255-276, Natural Disaster and Nuclear Crisis in Japan: Response and Recovery after Japan’s 3/11, Routledge 

作業二:請以蒐集某個與災難相關的政府法律或政策,並運用你到目前為止所學習到的概念,討論該法律或政策的幾個可能問題或影響。(字數2000為限,請註明字數,本週五下班前上網繳交) 

15. (5/29) 

端午節彈性放假。 

16. (6/3) 政府、法律與政策(因端午彈性放假補課) 

容邵武, 2004, 〈九二一地震台中東勢重建的土地問題:一個法律人類學的觀點〉。收入林美容,丁仁傑,詹素娟等編,《災難與重建:九二一震災與社會文化重建論文集》,頁317-346,台北:中央研究院台灣史研究所籌備處。 
楊永年, 2009, 〈八八水災救災體系之研究〉。《公共行政學報》,32: 143-169。 
2011 , Chap.19 “Patterns of Public-Private Partnership in Community Reconstruction: The Case of Taiwan after Chi-Chi Earthquake.” p.447-473 in Community Disaster Recovery and Resiliency: Exploring Global Opportunities and Challenges. CRC Press. 
黃智慧, 2012, 〈「多元文化」理念的脆弱性:莫拉克災後重建政策思維、法令與組織型態〉。潘英海編《再現南台平埔族群文化學術研討會論文集》,台北:國立台灣博物館。pp. 49-72 

17. (6/5) 災難的記憶與紀念 

Guest Speaker 邱文傑建築師(地震博物館建築師)談「災難、建築與記憶 」 
吳延晃, 1996, 〈災難下的物體系:九二一地震後物件博物館化的故事〉。《博物館學季刊》20(2): 7-30. 
王嵩山, 2004,〈地震物件、行動者與社會:臺中東勢匠寮巷的例子〉。收錄於《災難與重建──九二一震災與社會文化重建論文集》。林美容、丁仁傑、詹素娟合編。pp.93-130。 台北:中央研究院台灣史研究所籌備處。 
容邵武, 2009, “Never Again”: Suffering, Personal Stories and Accountability. 《台灣人類學刊》7(1):35-66. 
陳叔倬, 2009,〈天然災難後臺灣各博物館的公共參與:以921地震與88風災為例〉。《博物館與文化》,5: 87-103。 

18. (6/12) 災難研究與反思 

Tierney, Kathleen J., 2007, From the Margins to the Mainstream? Disaster Research at the Crossroads. Annual Review of Sociology 33: 503-25 
容邵武, 2006, 〈「危險」的人類學家〉。刊於《田野的技藝:自我、研究與知識建構》,郭佩宜,王宏仁主編,頁253-280,台北:巨流。 
劉紹華, 2010, 從八八水災思災難人類學。芭樂人類學blog: http://guavanthropology.tw/article/317 

19. (6/19) 期末報告與討論

20. (7/3) 期末報告繳交日