Course

我們以突破知識學習的藩籬為目標,
將臺灣大學所在的臺北都會區作為生活實驗室
思考都市未來將面臨的發展問題並探索解決方法。

課程名稱

都市健康與多元文化

授課老師

張心潔老師

課程概述

世界衛生組織在2010年以都市健康為主題,提出在快速都市化的過程中,大型城市(megacities)在住居品質、交通運輸、食品安全、工作保障、社區凝聚、以及緊急醫療照護系統等多重面向,皆面臨都市健康不平等的挑戰。社區中的部分群體如長者、兒童與青少年、身心障礙者、單身戶,以及外來人口的身心健康與照顧,需要更多政策與資源來因應。 
如同其他已從工業化轉型為後工業化的社會,透過產業外勞、社福外勞、婚姻移民、國際學生等跨國遷移的政策開放,有更多外來人口來到臺灣,進入不同型態的社區居住與生活。除了學習尊重多元文化群體,如何以兼具社會公平性的人口健康為目標,設計符合多元需求的健康照顧服務與社區共融方案,將是未來二十年的關鍵議題。 
本課程強調透過國際視野與在地脈絡來理解都市健康不平等與多元群體的身心健康。(a)首先,是都市健康與多元文化的概論,介紹都市健康不平等的重要議題及社會工作相關的概念及能力;(b) 接著是「跨國遷移與移民健康」,將分別由人權、公民權、勞動權益等角度,探討在跨國遷移的過程中,影響移民身心健康的社會根源與相關政策回應。(c)第三部分是「多元視角的社區照顧」,透過案例理解何謂尊重文化差異並支持個人主體性,探索社會政策及社區行動的可能。(d) 最後是學習成果的分享,小組將以參與觀察為基礎,提出既有方案以外的社區共融方案,期許跨領域與跨文化的對話,能激發課程成員未來持續的行動與實踐。 
Over the past few decades, globalization and rapid urbanization have transformed major cities into megacities (defined as a metropolitan area with a total population of more than ten million people) and reshaped the urban health landscape. This course aims to provide an overview of key concepts and emerging issues of urban health, and the underlying mechanisms shaping urban health inequities. 
In collaboration with local community organizations serving vulnerable populations such as migrants from Southeast Asia, the elderly, the physically challenged, and others, this course will provide students with the opportunity to develop the two most important skills: “think globally, act locally.” Ultimately, multicultural health is about being able to empathize the lived experiences of socially and culturally diverse populations, and to design community-based service and action programs with them.

課程目標

  1. 熟悉全球化與都市化的過程中,亞洲大型城市的都市健康的重要議題,與理解都市健康不平等的脈絡。 
  2. 掌握以社區為本的身心健康促進模式與社會福利之學理基礎、政策規劃及服務提供。 
  3. 參與觀察相關團體方案及服務,理解都市社區中多元文化群體的身心健康需求。
  4. 基於閱讀、實地觀察與訪問,提出能夠促進社區共融的方案。 
    Students will be able to comprehend and appreciate key issues of urban health as well as the approaches in addressing urban health inequities. Through course lectures, group discussions, guest speeches, and involvement in service activities with designated community organizations, students are expected to address specific health issues surrounding socially and culturally diverse populations. Furthermore, the course will introduce frameworks and cases of community-based care for cultural diverse groups, so that students can think outside the box and act as an insider. By the end of the semester, students will propose community co-integration projects that promotes multicultural health in urban settings.